Category: टीकाकरण (vaccination)
Important Vaccination Chart by Baby Age - 2018 - 2019 (India)
By: Editorial Team | ☺28 min read
Quick summary of all the important vaccination for 2018, that your child needs to receive right from the time he or she is born till they grow up. Additionally you will also read in this articles about the all the precautions that you needs to take before and after your child is administered vaccination.
Here is a crisp vaccination and immunization chart for you child which you can follow right from day one till your child grows up to be a young boy.
Children catch up infections and diseases very easily since their immune system is still in the development stage. Vaccines gives your child's immune system a head start in recognizing the threat and help it learn how to deal with the infection.
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- Vaccination and Immunization Schedule Chart 2018
- Caring for Your Child Before and After Immunization
- What is Vaccination or Immunization and how does it work?
- How vaccination works?
- The role of additional booster shots
- Vaccination Process
- How safe are vaccines?
- Side effects of vaccines
- Lastly, but not the least
Vaccination and Immunization Schedule Chart 2018
Birth (Before hospital discharge)
- BCG (TB & bladder cancer)
- OPV 0 (Polio)
- Hep-B1 (Hepatitis B)
6 Weeks Baby Vaccine
- DTwP 1 (Diphtheria, Tetanus & Pertussis)
- Hib 1 (Infections caused by Bacteria)
- PCV (Pneumonia)
- Rotavirus 1 (Severe Diarrheal Disease)
- IPV 1
10 Weeks Baby Vaccine schedule
- DTwP 2 (Diphtheria, Tetanus & Pertussis)
- IPV 2 (Polio)
- Hib 2 (Infections caused by Bacteria)
- *Rotavirus 2 (Severe Diarrheal Disease)
- PCV 2 (Pneumonia)
- DTwP 3 (Diphtheria, Tetanus & Pertussis)
- IPV 3 (Polio)
- Hib 3 (Infections caused by Bacteria)
- *Rotavirus 3 (Please read note below)
- PCV 3 (Pneumonia)
- OPV 1
- **Hep-B 3 (Please read note below)
9 Months Baby Vaccine
- Typhoid (Typhoid Fever, Diarrhea)
- MMR-1 (Measles, Mumps & Rubella)
- OPV 2
9-12 Months baby vaccine
- Typhoid Conjugate Vaccine
- 1 Year Baby Vaccine
- Varicella (Chickenpox)
- Hep-A 1 (Liver disease)
15 months baby vaccine
- MMR 2
- PCV booster
16 to 18 month baby vaccine
- DTwP B1/DTaP B1 IPV B1
- Hib B1
18 months baby
2 Years child vaccine
4 to 6 years child vaccine
- B2 OPV 3
- Varicella 2
- Typhoid Booster
- B2/DTap (Diphtheria, Tetanus & Pertussis)
- HPV (Some Cancers & Warts)
10 to 12 years child vaccine
* If RV1 is choosen then the first dose should be given at 10 weeks.
* Please note that only 2 dose of RV1 are recomended at rpesent.
* If your child is given RV1 then the second dose should be given at 14 weeks.
Caring for Your Child Before and After Immunization
Generally speaking immunization and vaccinations are safe. But then there are always exceptions because every child is different based on various factors. So to say there are some risk involved in vaccination and immunization, but remember that the benefits of vaccination far out weighs the risks associated with them.
Having said that, I would also add that it is always good (must) that you should take few precautions when you are planning to get your child vaccinated. Some of them are general advice, while some advice can be life saving for your child. When safety of your child is involved, there is no good enough reason why you should not be following these advice strictly.
- You should get your child vaccinated only at a reputed private or government hospitals and clinics. The Hospital or the clinics should have all the facilities to store vaccines safely and in a proper way. Most vaccines are supposed to be stored at a certain specific temperatures and should be used within a certain number of days from the time the hospital procures vaccines.
- In case your child suffered some kind of allergic reaction to previous dose of vaccine, you should inform this to your doctor without fail. Though rare, some of these reactions can be life threatening to your child. So when you inform doctor, he or she will take all precautionary measure to make sure your child remains safe during and after the vaccine are administered. In some cases doctor may keep the child under observation.
- Though doctors are supposed to check all the vaccines for expiry dates before they administer this to your child. Nevertheless, you should politely ask your doctor to check the vaccines for expiry dates to make sure your child remains safe. Expired vaccines can have serious consequences to your child's health and body.
- Before your get your child vaccinated, consult your child's doctor. Your child's doctor will check your child for any sickness and will make sure your child is physically fit to receive vaccination.
- Though vaccines can be administered to child in the presence of some minor illness such as cold and fever etc, you should inform that doctor about any illness before vaccine is administered to your child.
- Before your child receives DPT vaccine, inform the doctor, if your child had developed any sign or symptom of convulsions or fits when DPT vaccine was administered in the past.
- Make sure doctor or nurse uses fresh syringe to administer vaccine to your child.
- Hold your child tightly to prevent him or her from moving while vaccine is administered. This is very important especially for new born and few weeks baby, since their skin and muscles are very soft and injection may cut through their skin.
- After the vaccine is administered, avoid bringing child out of hospital or clinic immediately. Wait for the child to calm down. Once the child stops crying, only then bring the child out, otherwise your child will associate bad memories with the hospital or clinic and will start crying every time you visit hospital or clinic.
- The best time to get your child vaccinated is in the morning. If you get your child vaccinated in the morning, you will get enough time until night to observer any allergies or ill-effects that may develop due to vaccination. So you can seek any medical help during the day time, should there be any sign or symptom of allergies your child immediate medical help.
- Keep pediatric paracetamol handy to administer your child in case he/she develops fever and pain due to vaccination. Actually, pain and fever are common occurrence after vaccine administration and there is nothing to worry about it. Its a sign that shows that vaccine is working.
What is Vaccination or Immunization and how does it work?
When a human body fights any infection it keeps record of the infection and learns the tactic. Next time the same infection around, the body immediately gets into alert mode and fights off infection before it could grow so much in numbers that it becomes a threat to the body and cause infection.
Vaccination or Immunization is a process by which child's defense system becomes strong against potentially deadly diseases.
Over past several decades, Vaccination or Immunization has proved to be the most effective way to protect children against several life threatening diseases. It has also proved effective in preventing the spread of infectious diseases such as smallpox and polio etc to name few.
How vaccination works?
All vaccines have their own rules in-terms of when they can be administered to children. That's the reason why there is an immunization chart describing various age milestones when child can receive specific vaccinations. Some vaccinations are given to the child right after they are born, while others are given as-and-when child attains various ages. That is because certain vaccines need to wait till the child's immune system develops sufficiently.
The role of additional booster shots
The booster shots are required to help the child develop full immunity to specific diseases.
Vaccination process involves injecting a very small amount of viruses/bacteria in the child's body. Now there is nothing to worry about, because these viruses/bacteria are either already dead or are treated in a way that they lose their capability to cause infection.
When a small amount of viruses/bacteria is introduced in the human body, it stimulates the immune system to make antibodies against them.
How safe are vaccines?
Vaccines are safe to say, but in some very rare cases, it may lead to allergies or other complications. However, always remember that the benefits that immunization brings far outweighs the associated risks. Most of the time vaccines brings some harmless side-effects that aren't comfortable (least to say), but are definitely not life threatening, though there are always exceptions as already said.
Side effects of vaccines
Statistically vaccines are safe for most babies and does not cause any serious are life threatening conditions. But in some very rare case, it may, in some babies, lead to certain side effects. Yet these side effects are minor and usually child gets better in the next few days.
- After vaccination, child may behave cranky. This is usually due to fever and discomfort that the child is going through. During this time give your child lot of attention and care.
- Most babies develop low grade fever after vaccination. This is natural and common and as a parent you should not be worried. Before getting your child vaccinated, keep paracetamol/crocin at home so that you can use it in case your child develops pain and fever. DO NOT GIVE your child these medicines, unless you consult a doctor and receive his/her approval.
- After BCG vaccine, most likely your baby will develop a lump at the vaccination site. This should appear after 3 to 4 weeks of immunization. The lump may soften and discharge for up to 2 weeks. As such, no medical attention is required. Once the wound recovers, a scar may remain there. However if swelling develops and does not subside, you should consult your child's doctor.
- In the case of D.P.T. (Triple) vaccination, you may observe mild fever, redness, and swelling in your child at the site of vaccination. You may also observe a small and painless lump for for few weeks at the site of vaccination. In case of pain and fever, you may give your child paracetamol drops/ syrup, but only after you have consulted your child's doctor. You may repeat this every 4 to 6 hours, should there be need. HOWEVER, if the fever remains over 102F and baby persistently cries and screams, you must consult doctor immediately.
- In the case of MEASLES / MMR vaccine administration, the child may develop fever after 4-10 days of vaccination. This may also be associated with cold, cough and mild rash. You may give your child paracetamol drops/ syrup to control the symptoms (consult your doctor).
- Child may experience mild pain and fever when he or she is given HIB / Typhoid vaccine. Paracetamol drops/ syrup may be given to control the symptom and ease the pain.
Lastly, but not the least
You know your baby the best. All advises aside, go with your gut instinct and know when your child needs medical assistant and when she or he needs your love and affection and that extra care. If you feel there is something not right with your child or your child is going through more than she or he can handle, rush your baby to the hospital.